Nails are considered healthy if they are smooth, without pits or grooves. They are uniform in colour and consistency and free of spots or discoloration. If you see ridges, dents, or areas of unusual colour or shape, it is time to worry for your nails.
In order to maintain healthy nails, one should keep the nails clean, trimmed and moisturized. Moisturizing helps nail from becoming brittle and breaking or cracking.
Fingernail care: Do’s and Don’ts
- Keep your fingernails dry and clean. This protects your nail from growing bacteria under your fingernails. Soaking your hands and feet in warm soapy water helps keep nails clean. The nails can also be gently scrubbed with soft brush under warm soapy water.
- Use moisturizer. It is recommended to moisturize your nails regularly to prevent them from breaking. When applying lotion to the hands, make sure to rub some onto the nails.
- Protect your nails. Soaps and chemicals weaken the nails and thus make them brittle. It is advised to wear gloves when washing dishes, cleaning or using harsh chemicals.
- Trimming. Fingernails and toenails should be trimmed timely. Trim your nails straight across, then round the tips in a gentle curve.
- Manicures and Pedicures. Grooming of fingernails is called manicure, grooming of toenails is called pedicure. A standard manicure or pedicure usually includes filing and shaping of nails and the application of polish.